Iowa Women's Archives
University of Iowa Libraries
Iowa City, Iowa

 

JO ANN ZIMMERMAN (1936- )

PAPERS, 1958-1995

9 linear feet
audivisual materials and artifacts

 

Iowa Women's Archives
100 Main Library
University of Iowa Libraries
Iowa City, Iowa 52242

Phone: 319-335-5068
Fax: 319-335-5900
E-mail the Iowa Women's Archives

Please cite materials from this collection as follows:
Jo Ann Zimmerman Papers, Iowa Women's Archives, University of Iowa Libraries, Iowa City, Iowa.

 


Collection Overview

 
Acquisition:
The papers (donor no. 493) were donated by Jo Ann Zimmerman in 1998.
 
 
Access:
The papers are open for research.
 
 
Copyright:
Copyright held by the donor has been transferred to the University of Iowa.
 
 
Audiovisual:
Seven audiotapes shelved in the audiotape collection [AC870-AC875, AC884] and six videotapes shelved in the videotape collection [V265-V270].
 
  Artifacts: In Boxes 24-27.  
 
Photographs:
In Box 23.
 
 
Processed by:

Suzanne Vesely and Emily Broeckling, 2002-2003; Sharon M. Lake, 2006. [ZimmermanJoAnn.doc].

 

Biography

Jo Ann McIntosh Zimmerman, the first woman Lieutenant Governor of Iowa, was born on December 24, 1936, in a farmhouse in Van Buren Township of Van Buren County, Iowa. She was the oldest of three children born to Hazel and Russell McIntosh. The family lived on a subsistence farm, raising both produce and livestock.

As a teenager, Jo Ann McIntosh participated in 4-H activities, helped start the first Girl Scout troop in Keosauqua, played in the band, was active in drama, and worked as a soda fountain jerk in Keosauqua. She graduated in 1954 as valedictorian of her class from Keosauqua High School, as did her mother years before.

McIntosh entered the Broadlawns Hospital School of Nursing in Des Moines in 1954. She married Tom Zimmerman in 1956, and the couple had five children: Andy, Lisa, twins Don and Ron, and Beth. Despite family demands, Zimmerman completed her nursing degree in 1958 and in the same year became assistant head nurse of the maternity department at Broadlawns. By 1966, she was supervisor of the maternity department and in 1968 she became a maternity nursing instructor.

In the late 1960s she went back to school to earn a B.A. She moved through a series of jobs, teaching courses on marriage and family for the sociology department at Iowa State University, working as a health planner for the health policy corporation of Iowa, lobbying for health issues at the state legislature and serving on the Waukee Community School Board as Director, 1976-79, and as president, 1978-79. She also served on the Dallas County Democratic Central Committee.

In 1982, Zimmerman won the election to the Iowa House, where she was instrumental in securing passage of a bill to improve healthcare for indigent women, supported the clean air act , and was the lead sponsor of the living will act. In 1986, she ran for Lieutenant Governor of Iowa in an upset over Iowa City’s Art Small in the Democratic primary. She defeated Cedar Rapids Republican candidate Joan Lipsky by a margin of 436, 999 votes. She was the first woman in the state of Iowa to hold the position and only the second Democratic Lieutenant Governor in Iowa history to serve with a Republican governor.

As Lieutenant Governor, Zimmerman urged the removal of the figurehead Lieutenant Governor post, advocated alternative uses of agricultural products through research and development, government programs to assist the elderly, establishment of a statewide library system, improving the standardization of educational requirements and teacher training, increasing alternatives to healthcare for Iowans, and rights for women, including abortion rights and passage of the ERA.

Zimmerman ran for Governor of Iowa in 1989, attacking then-governor Terry Branstad for failing to meet with her even once in the four years of her tenure. Zimmerman withdrew her candidacy to avoid a floor fight at the Democratic convention, becoming the Lieutenant Governor candidate with Don Avenson, but the Avenson-Zimmerman team lost the election. During the 1980s farm crisis, the Zimmermans narrowly escaped losing their family farm to foreclosure.

Since then, Zimmerman has continued to advocate patients’, farmers’, and women’s rights, taking on many responsibilities for the 1992 ERA in Iowa campaign, serving as a public speaker and organizer, and continuing her work with the Democratic Party. She has also served on the Des Moines Pastoral Counseling Center Board of Directors, the Iowa Nurses Association Board, and has been involved in AFSCME, the FINE Educational Research Foundation and the nationwide Roundtable for Women Legislators. Her post-political career interests include education, healthcare, the elderly and human rights.


Scope and Content Note

The Jo Ann Zimmerman papers date from 1958 to 1995 and measure 9 linear feet, with additional artifacts, audiocassettes and videocassettes. The papers are arranged in eight series: Biographical, Education, Nursing Career, Political Career, Political Campaigns, Post-Political Career, Photographs, and Artifacts.

The papers consist of personal and professional records from Zimmerman’s nursing career, campaign and career memorabilia and brochures, as well as numerous speeches and several articles by Zimmerman. There are also newspaper clippings and correspondence from supporters and other political figures, such as former U.S. President William J. Clinton, Richard Gephardt, Thomas Harkin, and Minnette Doderer, and resource files on the issues Zimmerman supported: environmental concerns, the farm crisis, healthcare, hunger and prison issues, patient’s, worker’s and women’s rights.

The Biographical information series (1979-1991 and undated) consists of appointment books dating from 1979 to 1990, awards, curriculum vitae, early job and scholarship applications, and the transcript of an oral history interview with Zimmerman conducted by Suzanne Schenken.  The interview is indexed; it focuses on Zimmerman’s legislative career, but gives some attention to her nursing career as well.

The Education series (1958-1975) consists of Zimmerman’s GRE scores, copies of her college transcripts, and school research papers.

The Nursing Career series (1970-1982) includes records of her work at Broadlawns and the Iowa Health Systems agency, including records of the Health Systems Agency’s attempt to prevent her run for elected office. There are also research papers finished at Iowa Lutheran and records of her trip to Rome to visit nursing facilities in 1971.

The Political Career series (1983-1990) spans her service to the Iowa Democratic Party, tenure in the Iowa House of Representatives, service as Lieutenant Governor of Iowa, and three years on the Waukee School Board. The papers consist of correspondence with supporters and with other legislators and then-Governor of Iowa, Terry Branstad, as well as newspaper clippings, files on legislation supported or opposed by Zimmerman, committees on which she served, audits, speeches, trips overseas and conferences.

The Political Campaigns series (1982-1990) includes the ERA campaign of 1992, the Campaign for Governor in 1990, the campaign for Lieutenant Governor in 1986, and the campaign for the Iowa State Legislature starting in 1982. The files include strategic plans, lists of donors and volunteers, and financial and itinerary records for the campaigns as well as records of contact with the public, correspondence, newspaper clippings, publicity efforts and memorabilia. The records of the campaign for governor include county-by-county files that contain such information as itineraries, supporters, and local issues.

The Post-Political Career series (1991-1995) highlights a few of Zimmerman’s activities since leaving office: there are files on AFSCME, the Des Moines Pastoral Counseling Service, the Nurse’s Advisory Committee with Tom Harkin, and the Roundtable for Women Legislators, as well as resource files indicating a continued concern for human rights, health issues, education and politics.

The Photographs series (approx. 1985-1990) chronicles Zimmerman’s political career. Specific photographic clusters include the 1987 gubernatorial inauguration, campaign trail, 1986 truck trek and various fundraisers.

The Artifacts series comprises nametags, nameplates, a Rolodex, and pins from Zimmerman’s political career and buttons, t-shirts, and promotional pens from her political campaigns.


Box List

Box 1                          
  BIOGRAPHICAL    
    Appointment books, 1979-1982
Appointment books, 1985-1988
Awards, 1984-1989
Oral history interview, 1991
Vitae and scholarship applications
   
           
  EDUCATION    
   

GRE scores
School research papers
Transcript copies, 1958-1975

   
                           
  NURSING CAREER    
    Articles and presentations    
                           
Box 2                          
   

Broadlawns: Polk county hospital, 1967-1970
Conference papers, 1975-1975
Correspondence, 1974-1989
Iowa health systems agency, 1978-1982
Rome, 1971

   
                           
  POLITICAL CAREER    
    Iowa Democratic Party    
     

Brochure, 1987
Gephardt for president, 1987-1990
Healthcare legislation committee, 1987-1991 (3 folders)
Steering committee, 1985-1986

   
    Iowa House of Representatives    
     

Bills (notes), 1984
Correspondence, 1974-1985
Healthcare for indigents, 1986
Human resources health subcommittee, 1982-1986
Iowa Hospital Association, 1984
Newsletters, 1983-1986

   
           
Box 3          
      Newspaper clippings, miscellaneous, 1985
Right-to-die, 1984
Nurse legislators, 1983-1984
Political action committees, 1982-1984
Prison inmates viewing video Pieces
PTA health education task force, 1980-1986
Radio address by State Representative Jo Ann Zimmerman on latest session legislation, 1983 [shelved in audiocassette collection AC873]
Resource files
   
       

Handbook on legislative communication
Health issues, 1982-1985
Women in the workplace

   
      Speeches, 1983    
    Lieutenant Governor    
     

Article galleys
Articles and prepared remarks
Auditor’s reports
Brochures and programs, 1987-1990
CAWP forum for women legislators, 1987-1989

   
        Conference literature
Videocassette of conference speeches, San Diego, CA, 1987 [shelved in videocassette collection VC270]
   
      Correspondence    
        Clinton, Bill, 1987    
                           
Box 4                          
       

Congratulatory letters, 1986-1987
General, 1986-1995 and undated (2 folders)
“Strategic points to introduce/propose ideas or intercede in
the Iowa legislative process” (memo)
Women leaders, 1987-1990

   
     

Election results, 1986
Gender neutral insurance, 1989-1990
Inauguration day, 1986-1987 (2 folders)
Inauguration day, videocassette of ceremony [shelved in videocassette collection, VC269]
Keynote engagements, 1987-1988
National conference of lieutenant governors, 1989-1990
Newsletter, 1988
Newspaper clippings

   
       

Abortion, 1989
Branstad, Terry, 1987-1989

   
                           
Box 5                          
       

Foreclosure, 1987
Governor’s race, 1987-1989
Healthcare, 1986-1989
Inauguration, 1986
Living will, 1987 and 1990
Miscellaneous, 1986-1989
Nursing, 1988-1989
Women’s issues, 1988-1989

   
     

Nurse legislators, 1987-1989
Office personnel, 1988-1990
Resource files

   
       

Abortion, 1987-1991
Area business magazine article, 1987
Civil rights, 1988-1990
Directories, 1987-1988
Education, 1979-1993
Equal rights amendment, 1991-1992
Family centered childbirth education association, 1973 Forgotten half conference, 1990
Health issues, 1984-1990

   
                           
Box 6                          
       

Iowa health systems agency, 1980 (2 folders)
Libraries, 1987
Rural issues, 1990
Wilder, Lawrence Douglas, 1990

   
           
Box 7          
      Women’s issues    
       

Conference programs, 1986-1995
Correspondence and notes, 1987-1990
Study on women's status in Iowa's workforce, 1988

   
     

Roast, 1990
Shaping the workplace conference, 1988

   
       

Conference literature
Interview, Inside the Rotunda talk show, November 1988 [shelved in videocassette collection VC266]

   
      Speeches  
       

AARP conference on the status of women, 1987 (notes)
Action against hunger and homelessness, n.d. (notes)
Agriculture and rural issues, 1987-1989
All-university student leadership planning committee, 1988
American Business Women’s Association, 1993
Charting a course toward excellence in education, 1987 (notes)
Conference of Iowa sociologists, 1988 (notes)
Democratic party state convention, 1986
Forgotten half conference, 1990
Freedoms we cherish, 1990
Healthcare, 1987-1991
Highway safety, 1988
ICCC honor society meeting, n.d. (notes)
I.O.W.A., 1988
JTPA conference, 1987
Kantorei gala benefit concert remarks, 1990
Living outside the lines, n.d. (notes)
Looking to the future, 1987
Making connections, 1988 (on her visit to Taiwan)
Martin Luther King Day, n.d.
Older Iowans, 1989
Opening remarks, 73 rd general assembly, 1989
Outlines, quotes and notes, 1974-1990
Political responsibility of nurses, n.d.

                           
Box 8                          
       

Report card on Iowa, 73 rd general assembly, 1990
Soviet peace walk speech, 1988
Special Olympics program at Nollen Plaza, 1989
State fair, 1987
State of the state speech to the Senate, 1990
Taking risks, n.d.
Women in elected/appointive positions, 1988 (notes)
Workplace 2000, 1988

     

State legislature, 1987-1990
Trip to Taiwan, 1988

   
    Waukee school board, 1976-1978      
                           
  POLITICAL CAMPAIGNS              
    ERA Iowa    
     

Bylaws/articles, 1991-1992
Brochures/fliers, 1992
Correspondence, 1991-1994 (2 folders)
Fundraising, 1992
Information and answers packet, 1992
Meeting minutes and reports, 1991-1992

   
                           
Box 9                          
     

Miscellaneous notes, 1991-1992
Newsletters, 1991-1992
Newspaper clippings, 1980-1993 and undated (2 folders) Opponents, 1991-1992
Press releases, 1992
Resource file, 1980-1993
Speeches and literature, 1992
Strategic study, 1992
Strategy, 1991-1992
Survey, 1992
Treasurer’s reports, 1992-1993
Volunteers, 1989-1992

   
   

Governor

         
      Addresses, 1989-1990    
                           
Box 10                          
     

Analysis, 1989
Announcement of candidacy, 1990
Auction items, 1990
Avenson-Zimmerman, 1990 (2 folders)
Brochures and appeals, 1988-1990
Committee to elect Jo Ann Zimmerman, 1988
Contributions, 1987-1990
Correspondence, 1987-1990
Democratic campaign manual, 1988

   
                           
Box 11                          
      Donor lists, 1986-1999 and undated (8 folders)
Finances
   
       

Bank account passbooks, 1986-1990

   
                           
Box 12                          
        Check registers, 1986-1990 (2 folders)
Disclosure reports, 1986-1990 (3 folders)
   
                           
Box 13                          
        Receipts and bills , 1988-1990 (4 folders)
Tax returns, 1986-1989
   
     

Franklin, Bonnie, reception, 1990
Interviews (televised)

   
       

Inside the Rotunda talk show, June 1989
[shelved in videocassette collection VC268]
Iowa’s Agenda talk show, March 1989
[shelved in videocassette collection VC265]

   
     

Newspaper clippings, September 1989 and March 1990
Publicity, 1989-1990
University of Iowa Democrats, 1989
Wilder, Doug, inaugural trip, 1990
Women’s committee, 1990
Resource files

   
        Counties        
         

Adair
Adams
Allamakee
Appanoose

     
                           
Box 14                          
         

Audubon
Benton
Blackhawk
Boone
Bremer
Buchanen
Butler
Calhoun
Carroll
Cass
Cedar
Cerro Gordo
Cherokee
Chickasaw
Clarke
Clay
Clayton
Clinton
Crawford
Dallas

     
                           
Box 15                          
      Resource files              
        Counties              
         

Davis
Decatur
Delaware
Des Moines
Dickinson
Dubuque
Emmet
Fayette
Floyd
Franklin
Fremont
Greene
Grundy
Guthrie
Hamilton
Hancock
Hardin
Harrison
Henry
Howard
Humboldt
Ida
Iowa
Jackson
Jasper
Jefferson

     
                           
Box 16                          
      Resource files              
        Counties              
         

Johnson
Jones
Keokuk
Kossuth
Lee
Linn
Louisa
Lucas
Lyon
Madison
Mahaska
Marion
Marshall
Mills
Mitchell
Monona
Monroe

     
                           
Box 17                          
      Resource files              
        Counties            
         

Montgomery
Muscatine
O’Brien
Osceola
Page
Palo Alto
Plymouth
Pocahontas
Polk

     
           

Donation Pledge Cards
Supporters (3 folders)

     
         

Pottawattamie
Poweshiek
Ringold
Sac

     
                           
Box 18                          
      Resource files              
        Counties            
         

Scott (2 folders)
Shelby
Sioux
Story
Tama
Taylor
Union
Van Buren
Wapello
Warren
Washington
Wayne
Webster
Winnebago
Winneshiek
Worth
Woodbury
Wright

     
       

“Democratic Party: America’s Team,” 1989
General, 1971-1990
Harkin campaign strategy, 1989

     
                           
Box 19                          
      Resource files              
       

Iowa Nurses’ Association, 1985
Iowa presidential debates, 1985
Presidential candidate Joseph Biden, 1987
Women’s groups, 1989-1990

     
      Speeches      
       

Undated
Address to Iowa Democrats at Gene Mullin dinner, September 24, 1989 with fellow gubernatorial candidates [shelved in audiocassette collection AC872]

     
      Strategic plan for the nineties, 1988-1990      
    Iowa state legislature          
     

Committee to elect Jo Ann Zimmerman, 1982-1983
Contacts and meetings, 1982
Expense book, 1981-1984
Finance disclosure reports, 1982-1986
Newspaper clippings, 1982-1985, 1990
Radio spot for re-election of Representative Jo Ann Zimmerman [shelved in audiocassette collection AC874]
Strategy, 1978-1984

     
                           
Box 20                          
    Lieutenant governor              
      Ads              
       

Radio spot [shelved in audiocassette collection AC875]
Television spot, [shelved in videocassette collection VC267]

   
     

Campaign materials, 1986
Correspondence, 1986-1990
Debate

     
       

Audiocassettes of debate with Joan Lipsky, 1986 [shelved in audiocassette collection AC870, AC871] Notes, 1986

   
     

Federal quarterly taxes, 1986
Finances

     
       

Contributions, 1986
Disclosure documents, 1986

           
     

History of campaign, 1982-1987
Inaugural, 1987
Interview transcript, 1986
Iowa Woman article, 1986
Itinerary, 1986 (2 folders)

     
                           
Box 21                          
     

Newspaper clippings, 1982-1987
Postcard mailing list, 1986
Strategic plans, 1982-1990
Volunteers

     
       

Polk county, 1986
1989
1990 (2 folders)

           
                           
  POST-POLITICAL CAREER            
   

Correspondence, 1993-1995
Des Moines pastoral counseling board, 1991-1992
Democratic activist women’s network, 1993
ERA, 1992
FINE educational research foundation, 1992
Iowa Nurses’ Association, 1992
Newspaper clippings, 1993
Nurses’ Advisory Committee, 1992

     
                           
Box 22                          
    Resource files            
     

Democratic party, 1993
Education, 1995
Elder Americans, 1991
Health, 1993
Human rights, 1993

       
   

Roundtable for women legislators, 1992
Speech honoring Minnette Dodorer, 1992

     
                           
Box 23                          
  PHOTOGRAPHS            
   

AARP, 1985
Bloomfield, 1987
Campaigning

           
     

Governor, 1990
Lieutenant Governor, 1986

           
   

Council Bluffs, 1987
ERA committee, 1992
Filing for Lieutenant Governor, 1986
Inauguration, 1987
Iowa State fair, 1989
Jester Park, 1986
Lieutenant Governor’s conference, 1988
Miscellaneous, 1974-1996 and undated (8 folders)
Mississippi valley girl scouts dinner, 1988
Montauk, 1990
On the road, 1990
Red baron fundraiser, 1988
Seminar/fundraiser for Senator Bob Kerry, 1988
Truck trek, 1986
Yamanashi prefecture, Japanese guests, 1990

     
                           
Box 24                          
  ARTIFACTS        
   

Miscellaneous campaign buttons
Nameplate
10 Nametags
Pins

     
     

ERA 1992
Federation of Iowa women’s clubs
Iowa representative
National conference of lieutenant governors (3)
Operation lifesaver
S-3
Work 2000

4 promotional pens

     
           
Box 25                          
      Rolodex              
                           
Box 26                          
      Jo Ann Zimmerman ceramic servers (2)      
                           
Box 27                          
     

ERA bumper sticker
Lieutenant governor campaign napkins (2)
Lieutenant governor campaign t-shirts (2)
Nameplate from Iowa House of Representatives

     

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