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Finding Aid

PAPERS, 1913-2006
1 linear inch

Acquisition: The papers (donor no. 1139) were donated by Florence Terronez in 2007.

The papers are open for research.
Copyright: Copyright held by the donor has been transferred to The University of Iowa.

Preferred Citation:
Box #, Florence Vallejo Terronez papers, Iowa Women's Archives, University of Iowa Libraries, Iowa City.

Photographs: In Box 1.
Audiovisual: One CD (d0049) shelved in digital collection.

Processed by: Janet Weaver, 2007. [TerronezFlorence.doc]

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Iowa Women's Archives
100 Main Library
University of Iowa Libraries
Iowa City, Iowa 52242

Phone: 319-335-5068
Fax: 319-335-5900
E-mail the Iowa Women's Archives


Florence Vallejo Terronez was born in Horton, Kansas, in 1924 to Martina Morado and Julio (Julius) R. Vallejo. Martina Morado was born in Guanajuato, Mexico, and came to the United States in 1910 when she was thirteen years old with her mother, Angela Morado, and her brother. The family settled in the railroad town of Horton, Kansas, where the children helped their mother run a boarding house. In 1914, Martina Morado married Julio Vallejo, who was born in Leon, Mexico, and had come to Horton at the age of sixteen where he was employed as a pipefitter on the Rock Island Railroad. He also managed the Horton baseball team, was an accomplished singer, and ran a barber shop out of his home. The couple raised eleven children. Julio Vallejo, like many railroad workers, was laid off during the Depression, and for two seasons the entire family worked the beet fields in Minnesota in order to make a living. In 1941, when the railroad in Horton closed down, the family moved to West Des Moines, Iowa, where Julio Vallejo continued to work as a pipefitter for the Rock Island Railroad.

Florence Vallejo attended school in West Des Moines. During the 1940s and 1950s she continued to live with her family working as a nurse’s aide at Broadlawns Medical Center and as a long distance telephone operator for the Northwestern Bell Telephone Company. She was employed as a welder for Solar Aircraft Company for two months in 1945, a job that came to an abrupt end when it was announced that World War II was over. In 1956, Florence Vallejo married Antonio (Anthony) Terronez, an architectural engineer who worked for John Deere and Company in East Moline, Illinois. Terronez was a widower whose first wife had died in 1951, leaving him with four young children to raise. Following her marriage, Florence Terronez became a full-time mother, managing the household and caring for her four stepchildren and two more children who were born later. She was involved in her children’s school and church activities, sang in the church choir, and later worked as a nurse’s aide at St. Anthony’s Hospital in Rock Island, Illinois. Following her retirement she volunteered with the Genesis Medical Center in Silvis, Illinois, and served on the community service auxiliary of the Veterans of Foreign Wars post in East Moline, Illinois.

Scope and Content Note

The Florence Vallejo Terronez papers date from 1913 to 2006 and measure 1 linear inch. The papers include biographical information, the transcript of a diary, photographs, and an audio recording about Terronez's father. The diary typescript, “The Labor of a Mother,” was written by Martina Morado Vallejo, Florence Terronez's mother, between 1953 and 1958. The original diary was written in Spanish and later transcribed and translated into English by Florence Terronez. In the diary, Vallejo recalls her childhood in Mexico, her journey to the United States and her life in Horton, Kansas, reflecting on events that occurred the years her children were born.

The papers also include several photographs of the Morado and Vallejo families, some taken in Horton, Kansas, and some in Iowa. The newspaper clippings located in the biographical information folder include a photograph of Julio Vallejo with the Horton baseball team. In the six-minute audio recording, “Remember When…?” Florence Terronez recounts her memories of her father, including his love of baseball, singing, writing, and gambling.

Related Collections

An oral history interview was conducted with Florence Vallejo Terronez in November 2007 for the Mujeres Latinas project of the Iowa Women’s Archives. It is shelved in the Mujeres Latinas Oral History collection [AC1297 and AC1298].

Box List

Box 1

Biographical information, 1994-2007
“The Labor of a Mother,” by Martina Morado Vallejo, 1953-1958
Photographs, 1913-1960 and undated
"Remember When….?” by Florence Terronez [shelved in digital collection: d0049]

For more information about this collection contact the Iowa Women's Archives.

Iowa Women’s Archives, University of Iowa Libraries, Iowa City IA 52242.
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Page created November 2007.