IOWA WOMEN’S ARCHIVES

UNIVERSITY OF IOWA LIBRARIES

IOWA CITY, IOWA

 

 

DOROTHY ASHBY POWNALL (1895-1979)

 

PAPERS, 1918-1974

2.5 linear inches

 

 

ACQUISITION:

The papers (donor no. 26) were donated by Dorothy Ashby Pownall in 1972.

ACCESS:

The papers are open for research.

COPYRIGHT:

Copyright has been transferred to the University of Iowa.

PHOTOGRAPHS:

In box 1.

PROCESSED BY:

Robert J. Jett, 1992.

 

Biography

            Dorothy Ashby Pownall was born June 20, 1895, in Superior, Wisconsin to George and Harriet Clark Ashby.  She graduated from Central High School in Superior in 1912 and attended Lawrence College in Appleton from 1913 to 1915.  Her college years were cut short due to the death of her father in 1915.  Forced to leave college and go out on her own, she was fortunate in securing a job with the St. Paul Daily News at a time when women reporters were few.  Pownall worked for the St. Paul Daily News from 1915 to 1917.  She was hired as a feature writer for the Des Moines Capital in 1917.   During World War I she was assigned to report the human interest side of the 88th Division of the National Army at Camp Dodge, the cantonment near Des Moines.  Pownall was the only girl reporter covering Camp Dodge from it's opening in 1917 until it was demobilized in 1919.

 

            In 1918 she married Fred M. Pownall, who was telegraph editor of the same paper.  She continued working for the Des Moines Capital until the birth their first child in 1920.  The Pownalls had two daughters, Dorothy and Eleanor.  Dorothy Pownall moved to Iowa City in 1927 with her husband when he became the director of publications at the University of Iowa.

 

            Using the pseudonym "Mary Manners", Pownall wrote an advice column for the Cedar Rapids Gazette, where she was employed from 1929 to 1939.  Pownall was the woman's editor for the Iowa City Press-Citizen from 1947 to 1955.  She continued as a free-lance writer after retiring from the Iowa City Press-Citizen.  Her poems and articles were published in numerous newspapers and journals, among them the New York Herald Tribune, Ladies Home Journal, Good Housekeeping, Christian Science Monitor, Saturday Evening Post, and Parents magazine.  She was active in a number of organizations, including the League of Women Voters, Iowa Press Women, Inc., Theta Sigma Phi, Kappa Alpha Theta, the University Club, and the Iowa City Craft Guild.

 

            She received many awards including the Iowa Golden Merit Award given by the Iowa Press Women, Inc. for outstanding contribution to the profession of journalism (1956) and three first-place awards from the National Federation of Press Women  (1955, 1956 and 1967) in the categories of circulation, special article, and special series of articles.

 

            Pownall died in 1979.

 

Scope and Content Note

 

            The Dorothy Ashby Pownall papers date from 1918 to 1974 and measure 2.5 linear inches.  The papers are divided into seven series: Biographical information, Correspondence, Lists of published articles, poems and speeches, "Woman of the year" speech, Newspaper clippings, Scrapbook, and Photograph.

 

            Biographical information (1939-1974 and undated) consists of clippings from various newspapers.  Pownall's "Woman of the year" speech (April 27, 1966) provides a sketch of her career and offers insight into the experience of being a woman in the largely male field of journalism.

 

            The Correspondence (1919-1970 and undated) reflects some of Pownall's literary contacts.  Most of the letters are from editors notifying Pownall that her work had been accepted for publication.  Included are letters from Gardner Cowles, Jr., W. Earl Hall, W. C. Jarnagin, Florence King Harding, Frank Luther Mott, Wilbur Schramm, and Ellery Sedgwick.  Also included are two letters written to "Mary Manners" at the Cedar Rapids Gazette.

 

            The Lists of published articles, poems and speeches are representative of some of the awards Pownall received during her career as a writer, as well as a partial list of published articles and poems.

 

            Newspaper clippings (1922-1969 and undated) contain articles that Pownall wrote during the course of her career for various newspapers.  In addition, a program for the University Club's 1917-1967 Golden Anniversary May Breakfast, written by Pownall; an issue of Palimpsest from 1966 which is dedicated to "a girl reporter at Camp Dodge", and two original typed poems are included.

 

            A Scrapbook (1918-1922, 1935) makes up the bulk of the collection and contains early newspaper articles by Pownall, mostly written while she was employed by the Des Moines Capital.  Many of the articles focus on Camp Dodge.  Because Pownall was often assigned feature stories on women's topics, the scrapbook includes clippings on women's organizations and on Iowa women with unusual occupations.

 

            The Photograph is of Pownall, dating from 1961.

Box no.   Description

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Box 1

 

Biographical information, 1939-1974 and undated

 

Correspondence, 1919-1970 and undated

Incoming

Bennett, Mr. & Mrs. James

Blackman, Earl A.

1935

Bowers, Y. L.

     1919

Brown, Eugenia Whitmore

     1945

Conover, James F.

Cornish, George A.

     1935, 1936

Cowles, Gardner

     1934, 1956 

Dillingham, Charles

     1923

Dresser, Mrs. Howard

     1969

Elbert, B. F.

     1922

Gallup, Opley

Gilmore, E. A.

     1936

Gould, Beatrice B.

     1935-1944

Gropney, Hazel

     1936

Hall, W. Earl

     1966

Harding, Florence King

     1920

Jarnagin, W. C.

     1919

Mason-Brown, Mrs. John

     1969

McElroy, Edith Wasson

     1967

Meredith, Patricia

     1936

Miller, Mrs. Earl (Dorothy)

     1969

Moon, Marjorie

     1967

Morgan, William H.

     1935

Mott, Frank Luther

     1962

Plummer, Edward H.

Reizenstein, Jake

     1956

Schramm, Wilbur L.

     1936

Sedgwick, Ellery

     1936

Spalding, Keith

     1963

Van Allen, Mrs. James Alfred

     1970

Watkins, Emma

Wallace, Morgan

     1926

Waterman, Denison R.

     1969

Whitley, Mrs. Francis

     1937

Young, Lafe Jr.

Miscellaneous, 1963

Outgoing

     Christmas card to Sue Lind, undated

     Letters to “Mary Manner”, undated

    

Lists of published articles, poems and speeches, undated

 

Newspaper clippings, 1922-1969 and undated

 

Scrapbook, 1918-1922, 1935

 

"Woman of the year" speech, 27 April 1966

 

Photograph, 1961