IOWA WOMEN’S ARCHIVES

UNIVERSITY OF IOWA LIBRARIES

IOWA CITY, IOWA

 

ANNA COCHRANE LOMAS (1896-1991)

 

PAPERS, 1917-1991

5 linear feet

 

ACQUISITION:

The papers (donor number 107) were received from Anna Lomas' daughters, Mary Jo Van Druff, Louise Bastron, and Margaret Brandt, in 1992.

ACCESS:

The papers are open for research.

ARTIFACTS:

In boxes 10-12.

AUDIOVISUAL:

45 rpm records and slides in boxes 10 and 12.

COPYRIGHT:

Copyright has been transferred to the University of Iowa.

PHOTOGRAPHS:

In boxes 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, and oversize.

PROCESSED BY:

Bridget M. Butler, 1992.

 


Biography

Anna Cochrane Lomas was born in Monroe, Iowa on June 25, 1896, the oldest child of William and Myrtle Murphy Cochrane.  In 1900 her father moved the family to Red Oak, Iowa where he became a partner in his brother-in-law's business, the Thomas D. Murphy Art Calendar Company.  Among his numerous community services, Cochrane served on the Iowa District Exemption Board for the Military Draft during the First World War.  Anna Cochrane attended Red Oak public schools from 1902 to 1914 and the University of Iowa from 1914 to 1917.  There she met Malcolm DeWitt Lomas of Villisca, Iowa, whom she married on December 27, 1917.  The couple settled in Red Oak, where Malcolm managed the sales force for the Murphy calendar firm.

 

In 1926 William Cochrane ran successfully for state senate on a road improvement platform.  He served in the General Assembly from 1927 to 1932.  Toward the end of his political career, Cochrane began to lose his eyesight and his daughter Anna read to him political news, constituent correspondence, and other material necessary to his duties in the General Assembly.  She credits this time with her father as the inspiration for her political career.  William Cochrane became president and sole owner of the calendar company in 1931.  When he died in 1941, Malcolm Lomas took over the firm.

As her children grew, Anna Lomas became increasingly involved in politics.  During World War II she was active in local Republican women's clubs.  She was a delegate to the State Republican Convention from the 1940s through the 1970s.  Lomas served as an alternate to the Republican National Convention in 1944 and was a regular delegate to the National Convention in 1952, 1956, 1960, and 1964.  She was a member of the State Republican Committee for the 7th Congressional District of Iowa from 1944 to 1952 and was Iowa Republican National Committeewoman from 1952 to 1964.  Lomas served as a member of the White House Conference on Aging in 1961, was a curator of the Iowa Historical Society from 1946 to 1957 and 1962 to 1965, served in the Montgomery County chapter of the American Red Cross and was active in local church and youth groups throughout her life.

 

            During her long career, Lomas remained active in Republican women's organizations.  In the early 1950s the Republican party recognized the political potential of women and began to actively encourage their participation.  Lomas believed that the Republican party was the party that best addressed women's issues and offered women the greatest opportunities for political involvement.  She was not, however, afraid to point out when she thought the party was dragging its feet.  In a handwritten memoir of her visit to Washington for the 1953 Presidential inauguration, she said of the Republican National Committee organization: "There is no doubt that men have complete control in the political field in spite of the fact that an estimate [sic] 52% of the vote was cast

by women."  In a 1960 political speech, she urged women to become more politically active: "In the United States today women of voting age outnumber men by three million.  They can shape this government in any way they choose."  Lomas was always politically conservative but that never meant to her that women should not be involved in the world in any way that they were able.

Anna Lomas died on September 30, 1991 in Red Oak, Iowa at the age of 95.


Scope and Content Note

 

The Anna Lomas papers date from 1917 to 1984 and measure 5 linear feet.  The papers document the political careers of Anna Lomas and her father William Cochrane.  The papers are arranged in three subgroups: Personal, Political, and William Cochrane Papers.  These papers would be most useful for a researcher interested in the role and perspective of a woman in the Republican Party at mid-century, the popular or material culture of US politics at this time, or local and state political organizations and activities.

 

The Personal Papers subgroup includes biographical information about Anna Lomas and material from her service on the White House Conference on Aging and the Iowa State Historical Society.  There is material from Herbert Hoover's 80th birthday commemoration and the Hoover Presidential Library Dedication.  The subgroup also contains a speech Lomas made when honored by her sorority as well as photographs and correspondence.

 

The Political Papers are further divided into four series: Iowa Republican Party, National Republican Party, Political Campaigns, and Artifacts.  Each series is organized chronologically.  The Iowa Republican Party series contains material on Republican party conventions from 1944 to 1972, gubernatorial inaugurations from 1955 to 1969, party workshops in the 1950s and 1960s, the Iowa Republican Party Central Committee activities in the 1950s and 1960s, and materials of the Iowa Council of Republican Women from the 1940s to the 1960s.  The national party papers are primarily from the 1950s and 1960s but contain some items from the 1940s, 1970s, and early 1980s.  Material includes programs, flyers, correspondence, newspaper clippings, and photographs from national conventions; programs, memoirs, meeting reports, and photographs from presidential inaugurations; correspondence, meeting minutes, publications, newletters, and announcements of the Republican National Committee and its women's organizations and conferences, and publications and photographs from the National Federation of Republican Women.  The Political Campaigns series dates from 1944 to 1968 and contains local, state, and national levels including speeches, newspaper clippings, photographs, flyers, sheet music, and memorabilia from the campaigns.  Among the artifacts are political campaign and Republican party buttons, jewelry, bumper stickers, ribbons, and similar material from 1912 to 1981.  In 1956 Lomas kept a scrapbook of material relevant to her political activities from the state convention through the campaign and election and including the 1957 inaugurations of the governor and president.  The material was never pasted into the scrapbook and has been sorted and arranged within the relevant series in this subgroup.

 

            The William Cochrane subgroup contains papers relating to Cochrane's service on the draft exemption board from 1917 to 1919 and extensive correspondence from the 1931 session of the General Assembly on issues such as a proposed state driver's license law, income tax legislation, proposed state constabulary, school funding issues, proposal that dentists might purchase limited amounts of whiskey for their practice, and opposition to mandatory military training at state colleges and universities.  Late in her life Lomas

privately published a memoir of her father entitled "William Cochrane: Biography of a Self-Made Man," a copy is included with his papers.

 

Summary Contents List

 

Personal papers                                                            box 1

Political papers

    Iowa Republican Party, 1944-1972

        Iowa Republican Convention                                box 1

        Iowa Gubernatorial Inaugurations              box 2

        Iowa Republican Party Central Committee            box 2

        Iowa Republican Party Workshops           box 2

        Iowa Council of Republican Women         box 2

    National Republican Party, 1944-1981

        Republican National Conventions              boxes 2-5

        Presidential Inaugurations                          box 5

        Republican National Committee                            boxes 5-6

        Republican National Committee-Republican

            Women's Conference                                       boxes 6-7

        Republican National Committee-Republican

            Women's Midwest Regional Conference           box 7

        National Federation of Republican Women           box 7

    Political Campaigns, 1932-1968                               boxes 7-9

    Artifacts                                                                   boxes 10-12

William Cochrane papers                                              box 9


style='font-size:12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt'>Box no.   Description

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**PRESS <control f>1 to insert box number.**

Box 1

Personal Papers

Biographical newspaper clippings, 1956, 1991

Certificate, 1962 (in oversize)

Correspondence

1944-1960

1966-1969

Delta Gamma Award Speech, 1957

"Ding" Darling Cartoon, 1944 (in oversize)

Herbert Hoover's 80th Birthday, 1954

Memorabilia

Newspaper Clippings

Herbert Hoover Library Dedication, 1962

Memorabilia

Newspaper Clippings

Iowa State Historical Society, 1950-1964

Memorabilia

Photographs, 1944-1977

Photographs from scrapbook, 1955-1957

Photograph, 1955 (in oversize)

White House Conference on Aging

1959-1961

Speech, 1961

Political Papers

Iowa Republican Party

Iowa Republican Convention

1944

1946

1950

1952

General

Newspaper clippings

Photographs

1954

1956

General

Correspondence

Memorabilia

1958

General

Newspaper clippings

1960

General

Correspondence

Newspaper clippings

1962

1964

1966

Box 2

1968

1972

Iowa Gubernatorial Inaugurations

1955

1957

1961

General

Newspaper clippings

1963

1969

Iowa Republican Party Central Committee

Committee Business, 1959-1962

Membership 1958-1964

Correspondence

1953

1960

Party Line newsletter, 1962-1963

Iowa Republican Centennial Dinner, 1954

Hickenlooper Testimonial Dinner, 1961

"Tribute to Hick" Dinner, 1968

Lincoln Day

General

1953

1954

1960

Newspaper clippings, 1953-1960

Iowa Republican Party Workshops

Bulletin, 1956

Practical Politics, 1958

"GOP School," 1963

Iowa Council of Republican Women

1952

Spring Meeting

Newspaper Clippings

1956

Convention and Board Meeting

Strategy Meeting

Handbook

1959-1960

1960-1961

1963-1964

1964 Peggy Goldwater Day

The Indicator newsletter, 1944-1960

National Republican Party

Republican National Convention

1944

General

Memorabilia

1952

General

Box 3

Correspondence

Memorabilia

Newspaper clippings

Photographs

Reception Invitations

1956

General

General from scrapbook

Correspondence

Memoir

Memorabilia

Memorabilia from scrapbook

Newspaper clippings

Newspaper clippings from scrapbook

Preparation

Role of Women

Site Committee

Box 4

1960

General

Candidate and Delegation Appeals

Correspondence

Iowa Delegation

Newspaper clippings

Photographs of Delegates and Alternates

Press Information

Press Releases

Republican National Committee Women's Division Meeting

Role of Women

Social Events

1964

General

Candidate Appeals

Committee on Arrangements

Correspondence

Iowa Delegation

Newspaper clippings

Newsletters

Box 5

Barry Goldwater slides

Party-to-People Program

Photographs

Platform Committee

Social Invitations

Presidential Inaugurations

1953

General

Memoir

Newspaper clippings

1957

General

Memoir

Memorabilia

Memorabilia from scrapbook

1969

Republican National Committee

"Building for Victory" Report, 1961

Committee Research Reports on Voters, 1963 1964

Conference, 1956

Correspondence

1954-1963

1952 [on Nixon's "Checkers speech"]

1951-1960 [about Dorothy Houghton]

Correspondence

Minutes, 1953-1954

Membership and Assignments, 1952-1964

National Victory Committee, 1971-1981

Newspaper clippings about Dorothy Houghton, 1951-1955

"Political Calendar" Handbook, 1956

Box 6

Republican National Conference, 1956

"Shadow Voter" Report, 1961

Speeches, 1955-1961

Women in Political Service

1953-1956

1957

1958

1962

"Work and Win" Handbook, 1956

"500 Kennedy Campaign Pledges, Promises and Programs," 1961

Republican National Committee-Republican Women's Conference

1954

1955

General

Newspaper clippings

Photographs

1957

1958

1960

General

Newspaper clippings

1962

 

Box 7

Republican National Committee-Republican Women's Mid-West Regional Conference

1953

General

Newspaper clippings

National Federation of Republican Women

Newsletter, 1944

Washington Newsletter, 1953-1954

Convention, 1954

General

Newspaper Clippings

Regional Conference, 1961

Silver Anniversary Gala, 1963

Badges, ribbons and membership card, 1954-1964

Photographs, ca. 1950s and 1964

Political Campaigns

1932

1944

Results

Newspaper clippings

1952

Flyers

Newspaper clippings

Photographs

Sheet Music

                                    1954

Correspondence

Newspaper clippings

Speeches

Speech Kit

 

Box 8

1956

General

Correspondence

Memorabilia

National Campaign Flyers

National Ike Day Committee

Newspaper clippings

Speech Kit

Speeches

State Campaign Flyers

1958

Eisenhower Campaign Visit to Iowa

Nixon Campaign Visit to Iowa

1960

"Gop Victory Kit"

National Campaign Flyers

Newspaper clippings

Speech Kit and Notes

Sheet Music

Speeches

State Campaign Flyers

1962

Correspondence

National Campaign Flyers

Newspaper clippings

Box 9

1964

Correspondence

National Campaign Flyers

Party Organizers' Manuals

Speeches

1968

Background Material for Speeches

National Campaign Flyers

Speeches

Artifacts, 1912-1981 (in boxes 9-15)

 

William Cochrane Papers

Correspondence

Legislative

January-February, 1931

March-April, 1931

October-November, 1931

Telegrams, 1931

State Income Tax, n.d.

"William Cochrane: Biography of a Self-Made Man," by Anna Lomas, 1984 General Assembly

Rules and Committees, 1929-1931

Certificate of Election, 1928, 1929 (in oversize)

Photograph, 1929 (in oversize)

William Cochrane Papers

Iowa Selective Service Board, 1917-1919

General

Poster (in oversize)

 

Box 10    Artifacts (in folders)

 

Political buttons 1912-1944

Ike campaign paraphernalia 1952-1958 (1 flag, 1 record, 1 paper visor, 1 metal item, 2 license plates)

Nixon campaign artifacts 1960-1962 (2 Nixon-Judd tickets, 1 Nixon campaign kit bag)

Campaign accessories 1960-1962 (2 bracelets, 2 name tags, 1 press button, 1 Nixon sash)

Campaign decorations 1960-1962 (4 elephants, 3 antenna flags, 1 U.S. flag, 3 elephants)

Goldwater campaign items 1964-1966 (1 booklet, 1 record, 1 pennant)

Elephant items 1964 & undated (2 sticker packets, 1 key chain, 1 pipe cleaner, 1 paper, 1 fan, 1 key)

Nixon medals 1969 (2 in cases with stands)

Misc. political items, undated (tie, felt appliqué kit, felt corn, gold ceiling foil, 3 Scranton button package)

 

Box 11   Artifacts

Tray1:

Political buttons, 1952-1958

23 Ike buttons, 1 small statue, 1 measuring spoon, 1 Mamie Eisenhower button

3 Nixon-Ike buttons, 4 Ike/Beardsley/Nixon buttons

6 Iowa Republican National Convention buttons

8 Delegate buttons, 5 delegate ribbons, 2 Nixon party guest tags, 3 misc. tags

10 other politician buttons

4 misc. (Elephant cluster, flower, Ike/Nixon coin w/ stand, Republican bicentennial accessory)

 

Tray 2:

Political buttons, 1960-1962

4 state delegate convention buttons

12 Nixon buttons, 1 clicker, 1 pencil

8 Pat Nixon buttons, 1 ribbon, 1 comb

4 ribbons

2 Iowa buttons, 1 iron-on

7 misc. (Elephant garter belt, Chicago compact, little elephant, Iowa button, elephant stirring stick, GOP button, Ike medal)

 

Tray 3:

Political buttons 1964-1981, undated

5 paper name cards, 7 nametags, 6 ribbons, 15 Republican Convention buttons

17 misc. Republican items (1 GROW pencil, 3 GROW pins, 1 GROW bracelet, 5 elephant pins, 1 elephant earring, 2 GOP elephant pins, 1 Republican key chain, 1 Republican button, 1 pink elephant, 1 voter button, 1 key)

12 Goldwater items (1 pencil, 9 buttons, 1 pin, 1 book of matches)

 

Box 11  

43 Iowa politician buttons (4 Murray, 1 Waggoner, 1 Harbor, 5 “Hick,” 3 Hultman, 3 Martin, 3 Scherle, 3 Miller, 1 Buss, 1 Fulk, 1 Talle, 1 Beck, 1 Erbe, 2 Stanley, 1 Bromwell, 1 Jepsen, 1 Sonja, 1 Junction Days, 1 cosmetic permit, 3 Swanson buttons, 2 Swanson ribbons, 3 Johnson items)

18 national politician buttons (2 Cal, 4 Reagan/Bush, 3 Nixon re-election, 2 Ford, 4 Ray, 1 McGovern, 1 GOP, 1 Milligan)

7 misc. buttons 1966 (4 Miller, 2 Rockefeller, 1 GOP)

 

Box 12   Artifacts (jewelry display boards)

 

Board 1:

1 ribbon with miniature cup

10 elephant pieces (2 Taft ’52, ’56, 2 GOP, IKE, pin with glasses, 2 key chains)

3 Republican centennial items (1 pair of earrings, 1 elephant pin, 1 pin)

13 Ike items (3 metal pins, 3 rhinestone pins, 3 pair rhinestone earrings, 1 hair bun sticks, 3 ’56)

 

Board 2:

9 Nixon pieces (2 elephant on cards, 1 bracelet, 4 elephants, 3 misc.)

3 GOP items (triangle earrings, triangle charm, elephant)

2 elephants (1 pin, 1 pair earrings)

 

Oversize folder, 1960-1966 [shelved in map case: drawer

 

Misc. campaign artifacts (1 New Frontier comic coloring book, 1 Nixon flat zipper bag, 1 Goldwater poster/pamphlet, 1 Anna Lomas welcome sign)