IOWA WOMEN’S ARCHIVES

UNIVERSITY OF IOWA LIBRARIES

IOWA CITY, IOWA

 

 

 

 

TITLE:»IOWA WOMEN AGAINST THE EQUAL RIGHTS

AMENDMENT

SUBTITLE:»

Records, 1972-1980

2 linear inches and audiovisual material

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ACQUISITION:

The »records (donor no. 19) were donated by »Donna L. Leporte in 1981.

ACCESS:

The »records are open for research.

AUDIOVISUAL:

One audiocassette shelved in the audiocassette collection (AC222).

PROCESSED BY:

Your name, year»Bridget M. Butler, 1992, and Special Collections staff.

 

»History

Iowa Women Against the Equal Rights Amendment was formed in 1972 as a grassroots organization opposed to Iowa's ratification of the proposed equal rights amendment (E.R.A.) to the United States Constitution.  The group distributed literature, mounted letter-writing campaigns, and otherwise advocated rescission by Iowa of its ratification of the amendment.  In 1975 a resolution to rescind was filed by State Senator Eugene Hill.  The Iowa Senate defeated Senator Hill's resolution by a simple majority. 

 

Iowa Women Against the ERA also worked to defeat passage of a state ERA.  In 1978 and 1979, the Iowa State Legislature passed a state equal rights amendment. This fulfilled the requirement of Iowa state law that a constitutional amendment must first be passed by two consecutive legislative sessions, after which it may be submitted for popular vote. Iowa Women Against the Equal Rights Amendment successfully mobilized opposition to the state amendment, which only received approximately 44 percent of the popular vote.

 

 

 

Scope and Content Note

 

            The records of Iowa Women Against the Equal Rights Amendment measure 2 linear inches and date from 1972 to 1980.  The records consist primarily of flyers, pamphlets, and leaflets explaining why the amendment should be opposed.  Much of the material either came directly from or was copied from material distributed by national groups opposed to the equal rights amendment, such as Eagle Forum and Concerned Women for America. 

 

            Two 1980 newspaper clippings from the Des Moines Register are also included: an anti-E.R.A. advertisement and an article featuring a debate on the E.R.A. between Donna Leporte, president of Iowa Women Against the Equal Rights Amendment, and Peg Anderson, who chaired the Iowa E.R.A. Coalition.

 

            Audiovisual material consists of a cassette tape entitled "The Fraud Called ERA" and two 35 mm filmstrips, one dealing with federal, one with state implications of the amendment.  A few anti-E.R.A. bumper stickers and buttons are also contained in the collection.

 

 

Box no.   Description

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Box 1

»Pamphlets and flyers

General, 1972-1980

"Abortion and The Equal Rights Amendment," Eileen Vogel, 1978

"Christian Be Watchful," Vicki Frierson and Ruthanne Garlock, 1980

"The Effect of Equal Rights Amendments in State Constitutions," Phyllis Schlafly, 1979

"A Magic Window: information compiled on the question 'what has happened in other states?' concerning the ERA," Eagle Forum of Iowa 

"Rescindogram"

 

Newspaper clippings, 1980

 

Artifacts [buttons and stickers] (1 folder)

 

Audiovisual material

35 mm. filmstrips [2 cans, labeled "Federal" and "Iowa"]

"The Fraud Called the ERA" [removed and shelved with the audiocassette collection: AC222]