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SHSI Des Moines. Iowa Women's Suffrage Collection.

The failed 1916 referendum in Iowa spurred Carrie Chapman Catt, serving her second term as president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association, to devise a four-pronged strategy, which would later be known as “The Winning Plan.”

The Winning Plan

Iowa women won presidential suffrage in April 1919.

On July 2, 1919 Iowa became the tenth State to ratify the federal amendment. In a special session, the House voted 96 to 5 in favor; the Senate passed it unanimously 45 to 0. On August 26, 1920 Tennessee became the thirty-sixth state to ratify - enacting the Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution.

“This is jubilee day. This is glory day. I am so happy to be here tonight to tell you about the long trail, - the Suffrage trail, the wonderful trail that has led us up and up, - until today women are free,” Alice Longley, Des Moines Political Equality Club, Polk County, Iowa, 1920.

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ISU. Carrie Chapman Catt papers.