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IWA. Iowa Suffrage Memorial Commission records.

A Time of Frustration & Hope

By 1900, Iowa was one of four states with antisuffrage committees organized by women. These women may have feared the changes that suffrage would bring, believing they already had influence without official titles or legal rights.

Of course, Iowa also had organized antisuffragist campaigns led by men. In 1916, the Iowa Association of Men Opposed to Woman Suffrage formed. Its members included a former Iowa governor, a real estate tycoon and railroad president, oil company lawyers, and a Ford Auto executive.

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SHSI Des Moines. Iowa Women's Suffrage Collection.