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Graphic Created by Christine Mastalio

Trying to gain political power from outside the political arena can be a difficult process - as the Iowa suffragists found out.

The women had to rely on male lawmakers and male voters to enact legislative change. In 1897, Susan B. Anthony said the Iowa General Assembly was playing a “cat and mouse” game with suffragists. The cat and mouse game that began in the late 1860s would continue for several decades: a women’s suffrage amendment was considered in almost every session from 1870 to 1916, but did not pass two consecutive sessions until 1916

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SHSI Des Moines. Iowa Women's Suffrage Collection.