J.A.L. Waddell -- Bridge Engineering

List of tables

CHAPTER IV: ALLOY STEELS IN BRIDGEWORK

Table 4a. Compositions of the Various Classes of Nickel Steel for Bridges 60

Table 4b. Tests of Large Size Angles of Mayarí Steel 69

Table 4c. Tests of Plates of Mayarí Steel 70

Table 4d. Specifications for Nickel Steel and Average Tests of Specimens Thereof 91

CHAPTER V: DEAD LOADS

Table 5a. Weights of Steel Cables 96

CHAPTER X: METHODS OF STRESS COMPUTATION

Table 10a. Engine Diagram for Class 50 Loading 163

Table 10b. Coefficients for Live Load Reactions 169

Table 10c. Coefficients for Maximum Stresses under Dead Loads and Live Loads in Pratt Trusses with Parallel Chords 171

Table 10d. Coefficients for Maximum Stresses under Dead Loads and Live Loads in Through, Triangular Trusses 172

Table 10e. Coefficients for Maximum Stresses under Dead Loads and Live Loads in Deck, Triangular Trusses 173

Table 10f. Coefficients for Maximum Stresses under Dead Loads and Live Loads in Deck, and Through, Triangular Trusses with Verticals 174

Table 10g. Coefficients of W tan θ for both Compression and Tension Stresses in Bottom Chords of Through Bridges and in Top Chords of Deck Bridges, Due to Wind Loads Applied to the Said Chords, when the Lateral System is of Double Cancellation 175

Table 10h. Coefficients of (W sec θ)/n (where n = number of panels in Span) for Wind Load Stresses in the Diagonals of Lateral Systems of Single Cancellation 176

Table 10i. Coefficients of W tan θ for Compression Stresses in Windward Bottom Chords of Through Bridges, and Windward Top Chords of Deck Bridges, Due to Wind Loads Applied Directly to the Said Chords, when the Lateral System is of Single Cancellation 177

CHAPTER XI: SECONDARY STRESSES, TEMPERATURE STRESSES, AND INDETERMINATE STRESSES

Table 11a. Secondary Stresses in a 200-foot, Double-track-railway, Through, Riveted, Pratt-truss Span 190, 191

Table 11b. Secondary Stresses in a 201-foot, Single-track-railway, Through, Riveted, Pratt-truss Span 192, 193

Table 11c. Secondary Stresses in a 428-foot, Double-deck, Double-track-railway,Electric-railway, and Highway, Riveted, Petit-truss Span 196-199

Table 11d. Constants, Primary Stresses, and Elongations for a 296-foot, Single-track-railway, Riveted, Parker-truss Span 218, 219

Table 11e. Values of θl, θ, B, and φ for a 296-foot, Single-track-railway, Riveted, Parker-truss Span 220

Table 11f. Summations of Moments and Trial Values of T's for a 296-foot, Single-track-railway, Riveted, Parker-truss Span 222

Table 11g. Secondary Stresses in the Members of a 296-foot, Single-track-railway, Riveted, Parker-truss Span 224, 225

CHAPTER XII: DEFLECTIONS

Table 12a. Deflections of a 296-foot, Single-track-railway, Riveted, Parker-truss Span 249

CHAPTER XVI: DETAILING IN GENERAL

Table 16a. Properties of 6 X 19 Plow Steel Wire Ropes 310

Table 16b. Bending Stresses in 6 X 19 Wire Ropes 311

Table 16c. Detailed Dimensions for Open Sockets for Wire Ropes 312

Table 16d. Detailed Dimensions for Closed Sockets for Wire Ropes 313

Table 16e. Pitch Diameters of Gears for Circular Pitch 314-321

Table 16f. Intensities for Compression Members of Carbon Steel with Fixed Ends 322

Table 16g. Intensities for Compression Members of Carbon Steel with Hinged Ends 322

Table 16h. Intensities for Forked Ends and Extension-Plates of Compression Members of Carbon Steel 323

Table 16i. Shearing and Bearing Values for Carbon Steel Rivets 325

Table 16j. Bearing Values for Carbon Steel Pins 323

Table 16k. Allowable Bending Moments on Pins of Carbon Steel and Nickel Steel 324

CHAPTER XIX: FLOORS AND FLOOR SYSTEMS

Table 19a. Sizes of Ties for Various Railway Loadings and Span Lengths 359

Table 19b. Allowable Span Lengths of Ties of Various Sizes for Various Railway Loadings 360

CHAPTER XXI: PLATE-GIRDER AND ROLLED-I-BEAM BRIDGES

Table 21a. Limiting Sections for Various Types of Girder Flanges 423

Table 21b. Centres of Gravity and Gross and Net Areas of Angles for Girder Flanges 424, 425

Table 21c. Cover-plates for Girders—Areas and Weights per Lineal Foot 426

Table 21d. Centres of Gravity of Girder Flanges Composed of Two Angles with Cover-plates 427

Table 21e. Make-up of Flanges without Cover-plates 430

Table 21f. Unsupported Lengths of Top Flanges for Which the Same Gross Section is Required in Tension and Compression 431

Table 21g. Dimensions for Roller Shoes 457

CHAPTER XXII: SIMPLE TRUSS BRIDGES

Table 22a. Approximate Radii of Gyration 504

Table 22b. Number of Rivet Holes to be Deducted from Built-up Tension Members 512

CHAPTER XXXVII: REINFORCED-CONCRETE BRIDGES

Table 37a. Data for Figuring Dead-load Concentrations 892

Table 37b. Dimensions, Areas, and Moments of Inertia 895

Table 37c. Values of ds, ds/I yds/I y2ds/I, xds/I, x2ds/I and sec a ds/A 895

Table 37d. Values of M' for Unit Loads 897

Table 37e. Values of M'ds/I for Unit Loads 897

Table 37f. Values of M'y ds/I for Unit Loads 897

Table 37g. Values of M'x ds/I for Unit Loads 898

Table 37h. Values of H, V, and M at Various Sections in the Left Half of Rib, for Unit Loads at Each Load Point 898

Table 37i. Dead-load Stresses 901

Table 37j. Summary of Dead-load Stresses 902

Table 37k. Maximum Positive Live-load Moments 903

Table 371. Maximum Negative Live-load Moments 903

Table 37m. Stresses from Arch Shortening 904

Table 37n. Stresses from 30 Rise of Temperature 904

Table 37o. Stresses from 50 Fall of Temperature 905

Table 37p. Maximum Positive and Negative Moments at Various Sections 906

Table 37q. Strengths of Various Concrete Mixtures 957

Table 37r. Intensities of Working Stresses for Concrete 958

Table 37s. Coefficients of Elasticity of Concrete 959

Table 37t. Increases in Intensities of Working Stresses for Various Combinations of Loadings 960

CHAPTER XXXVIII: FOUNDATIONS IN GENERAL

Table 38a. Safe Loads on Deep Foundations 966

Table 35b. Safe Loads on Shallow Foundations 966

CHAPTER XLIII: PIERS, PEDESTALS, ABUTMENTS, RETAINING WALLS, AND CULVERTS

Table 43a. Thickness of Roof of Working Chamber for Pneumatic Caissons 1049

Table 43b. Highway Cylinder Piers with Piles— Thickness of Metal and Number of Piles 1055

Table 43c. Open Bracing for Cylinder Piers 1056

CHAPTER XLIX: DETERMINATION OF WATERWAYS

Table 49a. The Dun Drainage Table 1112

Table 49b. Rainfalls and Run-offs for Various Portions of the United States 1116

Table 49c. Scouring of River Beds 1120

CHAPTER LV: WEIGHTS OF STEEL SUPERSTRUCTURES

Table 55a. Formulae for Truss Weights 1287

CHAPTER LVI: QUANTITIES FOR PIERS, PEDESTALS, ABUTMENTS, RETAINING WALLS, AND REINFORCED-CONCRETE BRIDGES

Table 56a. Data for Piers and Abutments of Reinforced-concrete Arch Bridges 1339

CHAPTER LVII: ESTIMATES

Table 57a. Unit Prices for Estimating 1355

Table 57b. Amount of Materials Required for One Cubic Yard of Concrete 1356

Table 57c. Costs of Materials for Reinforced-concrete Structures, Delivered at Site 1359

Table 57d. Costs of Materials for Reinforced-concrete Structures, in Place 1360

Table 57e. Compound Interest Table 1364

CHAPTER LVIII: OFFICE PRACTICE

Table 58a. Accuracy of Calculations 1377

CHAPTER LXV: RECONSTRUCTION, MAINTENANCE, AND REPAIR OF EXISTING BRIDGES

Table 65a. Annual Installment Required to Accumulate One Dollar 1526

CHAPTER LXVII: BRIDGE FAILURES AND THEIR LESSONS

Table 67a. Bridge Failures from 1879 to 1889 1539

CHAPTER LXXI: ADMINISTRATION OF CONSTRUCTION

Table 71a. Contractor's Cost and Profit Table for Percentage Bid on the Sooke Waterworks, Victoria, B. C. 1585

CHAPTER LXXVIII: GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS GOVERNING THE DESIGNING OF THE SUPERSTRUCTURES OF STEEL BRIDGES, TRESTLES, VIADUCTS, AND ELEVATED RAILROADS

Table 78a. Spacing of Trusses in Railway, Deck Bridges 1638

Table 78b. Ratios of Uplift to Dead Load for Swing Bridges 1650

Table 78c. Intermediate Stiffeners for Girders 1670

Table 78d. Values of λ for Hand Brakes 1705

Table 78e. Unit Stresses for Machinery 1710

Table 78f. Factor of Strength y for Gears 1711

Table 78g. Allowable Variations in Fabricated Lengths of Wire Ropes 1719